Camille Erlanger (25 May 1863 – 24 April 1919) was a Parisian-born French opera composer. He studied at the Paris Conservatory under Léo Delibes (composition), Georges Mathias (piano), as well as Émile Durand and Antoine Taubon (harmony).In 1888 he won the Prix de Rome for his cantata Velléda. His most famous opera, Le Juif polonais, was produced at the Opéra-Comique in 1900. Erlanger died in Paris and was buried in the Père Lachaise Cemetery.
Another description: The French composer Camille Erlanger (1863-1919) was born the year after Debussy, and died a year after him. Like Debussy, Erlanger won the Prix de Rome (1888). Erlanger was principally an opera composer - his opera 'Le Juif Polonais' was staged by Mahler in Vienna in 1906 - but he did write a few instrumental pieces, including this exquisite miniature, dedicated to Isidor Philipp. The piece actually has a late 20th century feel, and there is something about the interplay of melody and accompaniment that reminds me of, say, the slower numbers in Schwartz's 'Children of Eden' or ' Esurientes ' from Rutter's Magnificat. Erlanger should not be confused with the British/French composer Frederick d'Erlanger.